Waza publications

Housing and mobility

Title :                                  A proposal of inclusive development in the city of Maputo: Casa Minha
Author :                             Ilia Varvaroussi. Edited by Joao Carlos Po Jorge – Waza Alfonso Cabrillo – Waza, Casa Minha
Link :                                  Download pdf. This article was discussed during a WAZA Breakfast in May 2018 at Eduardo Mondlane University. Please contact [email protected] to catch up with main insights and conclusions of the talk.

Introduction : The rapid urban development of Maputo generated an exponential growth of the investment in the construction sector, with a focus mainly on the luxury prime sector. Accessibility, infrastructure, land scarcity and the urge for economic growth have created dynamics of speculation, gentrification and unpopular resettlements. These urban dynamics are pushing both the growing urban population and peasants attracted by the city’s opportunities to the peripheries of the metropolitan area, with a result of an expanded and low density city being most of its dwellers in a very vulnerable position. The case of Polana Caniço, a central neighborhood of Maputo occupied mostly after independence, following a modest but realistic urban planning, is currently going through a significant change. The housing duality between what used to be a part of Polana Caniço and the remaining houses built mostly with poor materials after independence, is visible. One side lives below housing standards with plots being relatively far from accessible roads and the other side is forming a neighborhood of luxurious villas. Soon, it seems that only the name will be left to represent what the neighborhood once was. The following questions arise: how two such different realities can co-exist so close to each other without con- flicts? How can its current residents participate and benefit of the transformation that is set to happen?

WAZA_comparacao capacidade EN4

Title :                                  How to prioritize public transports in Maputo: The case of the enlargement of EN4.
Author :                             Joaquin Romero de Tejada. Edited by Mario Forjaz Secca.
Link :                                  Download pdf. This article was discussed during the WAZA Breakfast schedule on March 15th 2018. For further information on the talk’s insights and conclusions please contact  [email protected]

Introduction : Conforme as cidades da Grande Maputo vão crescendo e progredindo, os seus cidadãos e cidadãs vão fazendo cada vez mais viagens, mais longas e com maior impacto social e ambiental. Moçambique é um país de recursos económicos especialmente limitados com grandes dificuldades para construir infra-estructuras e para adquirir meios de transporte, por isso é essencial aproveitar, cuidar e maximizar todos os recurso já existentes.
A engenharia do trânsito nas nossas cidades é baseada em indicadores ligados à fluidez e capacidade de movimentar viaturas pelas diversas vias. Mas será que esses indicadores são os correctos para medir a funcionalidade das nossas cidades no momento de oferecer um acesso igualitário dos munícipes aos recursos, actividades e serviços que oferece o ambiente urbano? Será que a unidade de medida que devemos utilizar são as viaturas e não as pessoas?
O problema básico que está na origem da crise dos transportes sentida é a grande diferença existente entre oferta e procura. O aumento do número e distância das viagens não é acompanhado pela oferta de transporte, que está mesmo a diminuir.


Title:                       Crafting the right partnerships for better access to basic services
                 Claire Hassoun, Mauro Pinto, Alfonso Cabrillo
Paper category:    Case study and policy analysis. Download pdf

Abstract:    The largest share of Mozambique’s economy is informal, ranging from 70% in urban areas to 95% in rural areas. This is also true for the provision of basic and essential services. This paper analyses the practicalities of the cooperation between the formal public sector and the private, mostly informal, operators. It draws lessons from the Drinking Water supply project funded by the French development agency and launched by FIPAG in 2006, as part of a multi-donor program Maputo Water supply Project, and the subsequent findings of the Sustainable Water and Sanitation in Africa (SUWASA) project. Whilst this focuses specifically on the water sector in Maputo district, it also attempts to identify how methods for cooperation with informal water providers can reveal more broadly feasible and sustainable framework for public-private sector collaboration that could be applied to the provision of public services more widely.


Title:                       Aviation Mozambique Aviation : let it air!
Authors:                 Claire Hassoun
Paper category:    Policy analysis. Download pdf

Abstract: When Mozambicans are asked about the transportation difficulties and low domestic tourism, they often blame the national flag carrier LAM for its outrageously high prices, making it allegedly more expensive to go to Pemba (1,700 km beeline from Maputo) than to go to Portugal (8,400 km). This and other criticisms of LAM, such as its frequent delays, are often attributed to LAM having no competitors. However, the reasons behind LAM’s problems are more complex than simply monopoly. Our study indicates areas where relatively straightforward improvements in LAM’s modus operandi could bring significant benefit.
This paper focuses mainly on the business models and challenges faced by the LAM and MEX (LAM’s subsidiary), which are the main operators for domestic traffic in Mozambique.



Title:                     Energy regulatory, institutional and legal framework – New approaches and developments
Author:                  Taciana Peao Lopes
Paper category:    Sectorial overview. Download pdf

Summary: While Mozambique shows one of the highest potential in power generation in Africa, based on very large resources, ranging from fossil fuels to renewables, access to electricity in Mozambique is ranking amongst the lower in Africa, with 16% of national coverage, and less than 1% in rural areas. The low coverage at both national and regional scale in SADC region are strong incentives to increase energy production capacity in Mozambique and become energy production hub for the region, serving national and regional populations. This paper provides an overview of the power sector, aiming at achieving this ambition. Starting with an overview of the energy mix of resources and generation capacity in Mozambique, it provides a mapping of the regulatory, institutional and legal framework of the sector. It also highlights some of the most relevant events of the last two years, from political and legal regulatory changes to ongoing projects, and reflects on the impacts that those have on policy design.

UN Habitat Nacala diagnostic

                     Nacala Region: A new approach to urban planning in Mozambique
Author:                  Federico Cabrillo Losada
Paper category:   Case study. Download pdf

Summary: This paper is based on the experience and work of the ASUD program. The Team of UN Habitat worked during the last three    years in an ambitious whole scale project with different instruments of planning for each scale. The Territorial Planning for Nacala is a pilot project in Moçambique as there are no planning instruments approved in this scale yet.
The experience of Nacala can be very useful for many other city – regions in Mozambique facing similar problems.