LNG Workshop em Maputo – A perspectiva da WAZA

The Conference on Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) was organized by Instituto Nacional de Petróleo (INP – National Petroleum Institute) in partnership with the United States Department of Energy, following the publication of the LNG handbook. This handbook was prepared by a group of LNG experts from Africa and the United States (US), including a WAZA co-founding member (More information at that link). The handbook focuses on key factors for assessing LNG projects while also touching on commercial models, infrastructure models, and the outlook for LNG markets and emerging regional trade opportunities.

WAZA contributed as a moderator for three panels of this conference, focusing on (1) the sharing of experiences from the 5 invited countries (“Identifying Achievements and Common Challenges to Developing Natural Gas and LNG Projects in Africa”), (2) local content challenges (“Local Content in Natural Gas and LNG Development: Ensuring Local Benefit from Natural Resources Development”) and LNG legal framework (Legal Frameworks for Natural Gas and LNG Development).

Experts from South Africa, Nigeria, Tanzania, Senegal and Ghana were invited to share their experience regarding the development and / or the operation of their respective national LNG projects. The first day concluded with a cross-country panel discussion on the main challenges and successes of each experience.

The second day of the conference provided insights on LNG projects, aimed at identifying current trends in Africa and the globe, in terms of financing, regulation, operation, and considering the impact, benefits and challenges of these projects on local, national and regional economies.

The workshop presented a large variety of gas projects between African nations, of different sizes, at different stages of development, intended for different markets, anchored in different national contexts and driven by different national ambitions. Their experience in LNG varied a lot, from 50 years with well-mastered technologies, to the newly established –development of new extraction and storing solutions off-shore. The panel sessions sparked discussions around gas usage, domestic gas allocation, pricing strategy, infrastructure and economic impact with sound use of national services and human resources. They tackled the best practices in terms of legal framework and contracting, raising the important of transparency from procurement to implementation, as well as financing engineering and creative marketing strategy. Panelists and attendees finally elevated the national discussions to regional intra-African issues, from market constructive competition, to economic cooperation and integration.

Engaging with 60 political and economic agents from six African nations, as well as representatives of the Mozambican public sector administration, the US Embassy, and other bilateral and multilateral institutions, the debates revealed the need for follow-up workshops and discussion platforms about LNG and gas projects, with the objective of creating a pan-African dialogue, exchange and learning platform for LNG and natural gas projects. Dates were set for meetings in South Africa in May 2017, and potential follow-up workshops in West Africa.

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